THE LACK OF VITAMIN K INTAKE CAUSES MAJOR
HEALTH ISSUES IN HUMANS
It used to be believed that vitamin K deficiency was rare due to dietary intake of natural vitamin K and the biosynthesis of vitamin K in the gut by microbial activity. However, dietary intake data from the 1950s and early 2000 in the UK show that consumption and absorption of vitamin K is now lower than it used to be probably as a consequence of diet changes.
Natural Vitamin K2 is needed by the bone structure in order to activate osteocalcin - the protein responsible for binding calcium ions to the matrix of the bone, making bones stronger. It is well known that bone loss occurs naturally as we age. Because of the natural bone loss that occurs with age, it is important that bone strength and mineral density be improved during childhood and adolescence, when the skeleton grows most intensively, to achieve the maximum potential of bone density. In our late 20s to mid 30s our peak bone mass is achieved, after which time the bone mineral density diminishes slowly as we age. Thus, the higher the peak bone mass gained at younger age, the longer the bone mass can be preserved.
Children have much higher bone metabolism than adults, which in other words would mean they need more vitamin K2 to build healthy bone tissue. Lack of vitamin K2 in growing children might therefore be very important and may have a multi-aspect effect on health in adulthood.